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Person to Person Health Interview Study – COVID-19 Rapid Response Study
United States of America
Type of Study
Longitudinal case study
Key Focus of Study
Responding effectively to the COVID-19 pandemic and to future infectious disease epidemics requires an understanding of social and cultural factors that shape health behaviors, including social distancing, and therefore affect the spread of disease and its population health impact. Moreover, it is critical to determine the broader health implications, beyond COVID-19 infection outcomes, of global pandemics, by monitoring secondary health outcomes like psychological distress, mental illness, and substance abuse. By leveraging the ongoing Person to Person (P2P) Health Interview Study, the P2P COVID-19 Rapid Response Study will provide an understanding of participants’ views and behaviors related to COVID-19, contemporaneous to the epidemic. To accomplish this, we will re-contact P2P participants, who were drawn from a probability sample of Indiana residents, for additional data collection. Up to 1,600 participants will complete a telephone survey about their social distancing and other health behaviors, knowledge about the disease, perceptions of risk, attitudes toward the efficacy of institutional responses, feelings of social isolation and disruption, and mental health outcomes. These responses will be merged with data from the P2P, which contains hundreds of social, behavioral, and health indicators, including biomarkers. We will plan to conduct an additional follow-up, which will provide an unparalleled longitudinal dataset with three observations collected in the months before, during, and after this unprecedented epidemic and governmental response. This research will reveal how social, cultural, and behavioral factors contribute to the acceleration or mitigation of disease spread across rural and urban communities, and will identify secondary adverse health consequences of social psychological and public health responses to epidemics.
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