This special Sonar-Global Epicast about antimicrobial resistance is a follow-up on the Sonar-Global Special-SOC AMR curriculum development meeting held in October 2019 in Amsterdam.
In the podcast, a number of participants share their thoughts on the question why it is important to integrate the social sciences in AMR.
Background music with courtesy of Biota Beats (http://biotabeats.org/)
Anthony Billaud is graduated from Institut d’études politiques (IEP) and from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) of Paris, France. With a Ph.D. in Socio-economics, he has mainly worked on public health programs in Africa (West, Central and Southern) for a diverse range of international organizations (NGOs, European Union, U.N., bilateral cooperations…). Specialized on epidemics, he successively worked on HIV/AIDS, post Ebola, maternal and infant care and health system strenghtening. He is now engaged on SoNAR-Global project in Dakar, Senegal, for the CRCF.
Louise Munkholm is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Department of Social Sciences and Business, Roskilde University, Denmark. Her research interests include the sociology of international law and politics, legal cultural encounters, international migration and health crisis management. She holds a PhD in Global Studies and Sociology of Law based on her PhD project titled “Reinventing Tools for Labour Law Enforcement” with specific focus on analysing the promotion of workers’ protection in Chinese firms in Prato, Italy. She is currently working on the research project “Exploring the policy dynamics of global antimicrobial resistance initiatives” funded by the Independent Research Fund Denmark.
John Paget, PhD, is a senior scientist at Nivel with 30 years of experience in the field of infectious disease epidemiology. He has published extensively on the surveillance of influenza, burden of influenza, influenza vaccination and antimicrobial resistance (AMR). He has been a member of a number of WHO working groups and is the co-chairman of the Global Influenza and RSV initiative.
Nicolas is a sociologist at INRAE (French Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research), in Paris-Dauphine University. His research focuses on the construction of the AMR public problem in agriculture, the regulation and circulation of veterinary pharmaceuticals and the transformations of farm animal veterinary medicine. He is currently PI of two grants: a project on the evolution of the French veterinary profession and veterinary drug market (AMAGRI, Antimicrobials in agriculture – 2019-2022); and a European H2020 grant which is an interdisciplinary project including 10 countries in Europe, Asia and Africa (ROADMAP, Rethinking of antimicrobial decision-systems in the management of animal production – 2019-2023). Nicolas currently also works as honorary assistant professor at The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine with the AMIS research group.
Further information on Nicolas is available on his institutional profile and his professional blog.
After graduating as a veterinarian in 2009 at the University of Ghent, Belgium, I worked for three years as a veterinarian in Aruba and in the Netherlands. I decided in 2013 to enrol in the master medical anthropology and sociology at the University of Amsterdam to better understand and manage veterinary public health issues. My master thesis studied the implementation of Dutch antibiotic agricultural policies, after which I became highly interested in the co-production between political cultures and agricultural antibiotic infrastructures. I have been able to continue this interest in my PhD in which I approached antibiotic use in the UK dairy industry as a practice beyond behaviour and study it as the complex interplay between politics, markets and social worlds. I am moreover interested in the concept of ‘responsible antibiotic use’ in food animals and how to define this across countries from a One Health perspective, including humans, animals and the environment. Returning back to the Netherlands after my PhD, I returned back to veterinary practice, trying to use and prescribe antibiotics in a prudent manner! In April 2020, I will start a three year post-doc position in April 2020 at the University of Wageningen, during which I will evaluate Mission Oriented Agricultural Innovation for Circular Food Systems.
Susan is a social scientist with the Infectious Diseases Research Collaboration (IDRC) in Kampala, Uganda where she has been involved in researching social aspects of malaria since 2006. Her current research is on understanding the consequences of the imperative to restrict antimicrobial medicine use in Uganda. She is interested in understanding how the imperative to restrict antibiotics impacts care.
Clare Chandler (BA, MSc, PhD) is Professor in Medical Anthropology and Director of the Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Centre at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Clare’s degrees are in anthropology, epidemiology and public health. Clare has been doing research in global and public health since 2004, with a focus on health care, medicines use and diagnostics, primarily in infectious diseases. She has worked across Africa and Asia, with her long-term field sites in East Africa. Through her current research portfolio, in the Anthropology of Antimicrobial Resistance research group, she leads research around the globe that uses anthropological approaches to understand societies’ reliance on antimicrobial medicines for humans, animals and in crops. Committed to an interdisciplinary and intersectoral approach, Clare engages with a range of scientists and policy actors under a One Health framework to identify ways to address emergence and transmission of AMR. She provides technical advice about behavioural aspects of global health, for example on malaria, Ebola, and antimicrobial resistance, to governmental and multi-lateral agencies.
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